SYMPTOMS OF BREAST CANCER
- All women notice a stiffness in their breasts at any time in their lives. In such a case, cancer comes to mind firstly The most common finding among breast cancer symptoms is breast mass. Most of these masses are benign tumors. However, when a mass is detected in the breast, it should be investigated.
- The mass in the breast can be one of two different structures. The mass may be a pouch filled with liquid. We call it a cyst. Cysts are often more menstrual and painful. It is more common especially in the 40s before menopause. Simple cysts are not among the symptoms of breast cancer. The masses that may be signs of breast cancer are formations filled with different tissue; these are called solid masses. The best way to separate these two structures is to examine the mass by ultrasound.
Cyst in breast
- Cysts are usually benign tumors of the breast. They range in size from a few millimeters to a few centimeters. It is rare in women under 25 years of age and more common in women approaching menopause.
- The inside of the cysts can be evacuated with a needle and the fluid can be examined. If it contains a bloody fluid, the cyst should be surgically removed and examined. If a cyst has developed in a woman receiving hormone therapy after menopause, it is recommended that it be sent to pathology, whether it contains blood or not.
- If a cyst recurs within 4-6 weeks after a needle is evacuated, surgical removal may be recommended. In addition, if a part of the cyst contains a different structure from the breast tissue that we call solid, it is recommended to remove the cyst by surgery.
- We call the masses that do not contain any fluid in the breast and are filled with different cells. The word solid means solid. Solid masses are more likely to have cancer than cysts. A solid mass detected in the breast of a young woman is not likely to have cancer: the probability of cancer increases with age. A solid mass detected in the breast of a woman over 40 years of age is considered to be a sign of breast cancer until proven otherwise and must be investigated.
- The mass detected in the breast is evaluated with mammography and ultrasound to investigate the possibility of cancer. It is not possible to make a definitive diagnosis with these methods. However, a definitive diagnosis can be made by examining the mass in the pathology.
Breast Skin Thickening, Swelling, Discoloration
Sometimes without breast mass, some changes directly on the skin of the breast are counted among the symptoms of breast cancer. In some areas of the breast skin redness, thickening, orange peel, such as the appearance of occasional withdrawal, may be a sign of breast cancer. If you notice such changes in breast skin, we recommend that you consult your physician.
Nipple Thickening, Redness or Wound
Changes in the nipple are sometimes signs of breast cancer. In particular, changes around the nipple, such as redness, wound changes in the breast, even if there is a mass can be a sign of breast cancer.
To have a recess in the nipple
In some women, both nipples can be withdrawn from childhood. This does not mean any illness. In such cases, breastfeeding is often not possible. Such structural defects can be corrected for surgery for cosmetic purposes, ie only in terms of appearance. What is important for breast cancer is the recent withdrawal of the head of a single breast. In such a case you must consult your physician.
discharge from the chest
Every woman’s nipple may discharge at various times. Especially when the nipple is squeezed, the discharge between yellow and green color is considered normal. Breast milk is not a sign of cancer in non-pregnant women; this may be related to the hormonal change of the body. In terms of breast cancer symptoms, it is important that the discharge occurs spontaneously without squeezing the nipple. This is noticeable in the form of wetting the bra or the laundry. It is especially important that the stream is dark brown, black or blood. And the clear flow of water consistency is important. In such a case, the sample should be taken from the discharge from the nipple and examined in the laboratory.
Change in the shape of the breast
Usually both breasts are not symmetrical and one breast may be larger than the other. This is a normal structure. Sometimes there may be changes in the overall roundness or shape of the breasts. What is important in terms of breast cancer is the subsequent symmetry change.
Changes in the positions of the nipples
The positions of the nipples may also change. The nipple can be pulled to one side. This can be a sign of cancer.
Mass Under Armpit
There may be an enlargement of a lymph gland that is attached to the armpits, causing an attached mass; however, it can sometimes be the first sign of breast cancer. If this is your hand and arm in your son one of the cleansing, there is this mass.